It’s the 40th anniversary of the Endangered Species Act. The act was created to protect critically endangered species and the ecosystems on which they depend. It was passed into law by President Richard Nixon on December 28, 1973, and is administered jointly by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
The disappearance of the passenger pigeon, and the near-extinction of the bison and the whooping crane, helped sound the call for wildlife conservation in the early 1900s. The Lacey Act of 1900 was the first federal law that regulated commercial animal markets. It was followed by the Migratory Bird Conservation Act of 1929, a 1937 treaty prohibiting the hunting of certain whales, the Bald Eagle Protection Act of 1940, and the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966. In March, 1967 the first list of endangered species was issued under the act, and included 14 mammals, 36 birds, 6 reptiles and amphibians and 22 fish. The Endangered Species Conservation Act of 1969 amended and expanded the original law. Finally, President Nixon called on the 93rd Congress to completely rewrite the law.
To find books in the library on endangered species, type the following into the search box of the Encore Catalog, or as Keyword or Subject searches in the Classic Catalog: Endangered Species, Wildlife Conservation, Rare Animals, and Endangered Plants. You can also look under individual species such as California Condor , Polar Bear and Bald Eagle.